The Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA) was signed into law on August 14, 2008 and final regulations were issued on October 29, 2009.
Several sections of the HEOA deal with unauthorized file sharing on campus networks, imposing three general requirements on all U.S. colleges and universities:
1. An annual disclosure to students describing copyright law and campus policies related to violating copyright law.
2. A plan to 'effectively combat the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials' by users of its network, including 'the use of one or more technology-based deterrents.'
3. A plan to 'offer alternatives to illegal downloading.'